The Price to book ratio is the current share price of a company divided by the book value per share.  The Price to Book ratio for Harvey Norman Holdings Limited ASX:HVN is 1.495945.  A lower price to book ratio indicates that the stock might be undervalued.  Similarly, Price to cash flow ratio is another helpful ratio in determining a company’s value.  The Price to Cash Flow for Harvey Norman Holdings Limited (ASX:HVN) is 13.865948.  This ratio is calculated by dividing the market value of a company by cash from operating activities.  Additionally, the price to earnings ratio is another popular way for analysts and investors to determine a company’s profitability.  The price to earnings ratio for Harvey Norman Holdings Limited (ASX:HVN) is 11.964812. This ratio is found by taking the current share price and dividing by earnings per share.

Stock market players may have differing opinions on which type of research approach is best. Individual investors who prefer buy and hold strategies may be more likely to be studying the fundamentals. Traders that are constantly buying and selling shares may be more concerned with technical analysis. High frequency traders may be willing to take on more risk entering the market. For these types of traders, entry and exit points become far more important. Traders may be relying solely on charts in order to capture profits based on day to day, hour to hour, or minute by minute price fluctuations. Long term investors may not be as concerned with the daily ups and downs of the market. 

Further, we can see that Harvey Norman Holdings Limited (ASX:HVN) has a Shareholder Yield of 0.017950 and a Shareholder Yield (Mebane Faber) of 0.02272. The first value is calculated by adding the dividend yield to the percentage of repurchased shares. The second value adds in the net debt repaid yield to the calculation. Shareholder yield has the ability to show how much money the firm is giving back to shareholders via a few different avenues. Companies may issue new shares and buy back their own shares. This may occur at the same time. Investors may also use shareholder yield to gauge a baseline rate of return.

Checking in on some valuation rankings, Harvey Norman Holdings Limited (ASX:HVN) has a Value Composite score of 29. Developed by James O’Shaughnessy, the VC score uses five valuation ratios. These ratios are price to earnings, price to cash flow, EBITDA to EV, price to book value, and price to sales. The VC is displayed as a number between 1 and 100. In general, a company with a score closer to 0 would be seen as undervalued, and a score closer to 100 would indicate an overvalued company. Adding a sixth ratio, shareholder yield, we can view the Value Composite 2 score which is currently sitting at 27.

Harvey Norman Holdings Limited (ASX:HVN) has a current MF Rank of 4516. Developed by hedge fund manager Joel Greenblatt, the intention of the formula is to spot high quality companies that are trading at an attractive price. The formula uses ROIC and earnings yield ratios to find quality, undervalued stocks. In general, companies with the lowest combined rank may be the higher quality picks.

There are many different tools to determine whether a company is profitable or not.  One of the most popular ratios is the “Return on Assets” (aka ROA).  This score indicates how profitable a company is relative to its total assets.  The Return on Assets for Harvey Norman Holdings Limited (ASX:HVN) is 0.086584.  This number is calculated by dividing net income after tax by the company’s total assets.  A company that manages their assets well will have a higher return, while a company that manages their assets poorly will have a lower return.

The Piotroski F-Score is a scoring system between 1-9 that determines a firm’s financial strength.  The score helps determine if a company’s stock is valuable or not.  The Piotroski F-Score of Harvey Norman Holdings Limited (ASX:HVN) is 7.  A score of nine indicates a high value stock, while a score of one indicates a low value stock.  The score is calculated by the return on assets (ROA), Cash flow return on assets (CFROA), change in return of assets, and quality of earnings.  It is also calculated by a change in gearing or leverage, liquidity, and change in shares in issue.  The score is also determined by change in gross margin and change in asset turnover.

Volatility/PI
Stock volatility is a percentage that indicates whether a stock is a desirable purchase.  Investors look at the Volatility 12m to determine if a company has a low volatility percentage or not over the course of a year.  The Volatility 12m of Harvey Norman Holdings Limited (ASX:HVN) is 27.832700.  This is calculated by taking weekly log normal returns and standard deviation of the share price over one year annualized.  The lower the number, a company is thought to have low volatility.  The Volatility 3m is a similar percentage determined by the daily log normal returns and standard deviation of the share price over 3 months.  The Volatility 3m of Harvey Norman Holdings Limited (ASX:HVN) is 29.206800.  The Volatility 6m is the same, except measured over the course of six months.  The Volatility 6m is 27.209800.

Investors may be wondering what’s in store for the next few months in terms of the equity market. Many investors may be hesitant to get into the mix with markets still trading at such high levels. Sometimes, the fear of missing out on the next big run will cause investors to make hasty decisions. Taking the time to do the full research can help offset the jitters associated with picking stocks. Finding stocks that still have room to head higher can be tricky, but there are still plenty of them out there. Although nobody can say for certain which way the market will trend into the New Year, investors should be on the lookout for opportunities that may present themselves over the next quarter. All eyes will be focused on company earnings when the next round of earnings reports begins.  

The Price Index is a ratio that indicates the return of a share price over a past period. The price index of Harvey Norman Holdings Limited (ASX:HVN) for last month was 1.09383. This is calculated by taking the current share price and dividing by the share price one month ago. If the ratio is greater than 1, then that means there has been an increase in price over the month. If the ratio is less than 1, then we can determine that there has been a decrease in price. Similarly, investors look up the share price over 12 month periods. The Price Index 12m for Harvey Norman Holdings Limited (ASX:HVN) is 1.26786.

Investors may be interested in viewing the Gross Margin score on shares of Harvey Norman Holdings Limited (ASX:HVN). The name currently has a score of 10.00000. This score is derived from the Gross Margin (Marx) stability and growth over the previous eight years. The Gross Margin score lands on a scale from 1 to 100 where a score of 1 would be considered positive, and a score of 100 would be seen as negative.

Investing in the stock market can sometimes be a wild ride. Without the proper planning and research, investors may quickly find themselves on the outside looking in. Doing the research and studying the market can be helpful, but creating a trading or investing plan may be the most important part of the process. When the back testing and practice is completed, the real challenge awaits. The practice and preparation can be very helpful for understanding the market, but when real money gets put on the line, it can be a whole different ballgame. The more successful traders and investors are the ones who are able to stay focused and disciplined even throughout turbulent market situations.

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